Recovering an Oracle database after doing something bad to your SPFILE

Well it has been over a year since the last time I broke my database, but I did it again today!  This time I increased the sga size without also increasing some other parameter, and the database would not start, and since it would not start, I could not change the parameter.  What to do?

After a bit of hacking the SPFILE to no avail, I worked out the following process:

First, log on to Oracle as an administrator:

sqlplus / as sysdba

Next, create a nice editable plain text PFILE from the “binary” SPFILE:

create pfile from spfile;

Now you can edit PFILE to change whatever parameters you need to.  Once you are done, you can start up the database from the PFILE:

sqlplus /  as sysdba
startup pfile=initSID.ora

Problem solved!

About Mark Nelson

Mark Nelson is a Developer Evangelist at Oracle, focusing on microservices and messaging. Before this role, Mark was an Architect in the Enterprise Cloud-Native Java Team, the Verrazzano Enterprise Container Platform project, worked on Wercker, WebLogic and was a senior member of the A-Team since 2010, and worked in Sales Consulting at Oracle since 2006 and various roles at IBM since 1994.
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